Imam Ali (A.S.)
His Last Will and Testament
Imam Ali's (AS) last will to his sons
Imam Hasan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS) following a fatal
blow on his head during morning prayers by Ibn Muljim (A
My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and
steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world,
and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you
have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next
world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.
I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and
whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of
Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your
ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say:
"Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy
than all prayers and all fasting."
Fear Allah in matters concerning orphans. Attend to their
nutrition and do not forget their interests in the middle
Fear Allah in your relations with your neighbors. Your
Prophet often recommended them to you, so much so that we
thought he would give them a share in inheritance.
Remain attached to the Quran. Nobody should surpass you
in being intent on it, or more sincere in implementing
Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. It is the pillar
of your religion.
Fear Allah in relation to His House; do not abandon it as
long as you live. If you should do that you would abandon
Persist in jihad in the cause of Allah, with your money,
your souls, and your tongue.
Maintain communication and exchange of opinion among
yourselves. Beware of disunity and enmity. Do not desist
from promoting good deeds and cautioning against bad
ones. Should you do that, the worst among you would be
your leaders, and you will call upon Allah without
O Children of Abdul Muttalib! Do not shed the blood of
Muslims under the banner: The Imam has been assassinated!
Only the assassin should be condemned to death.
If I die of this stroke of his, kill him with one similar
stroke. Do not mutilate him! I have heard the Prophet,
peace be upon him, say: "Mutilate not even a rabid
Source: Nahjul Balagha
In the 40th year of Hijri, in the early hours of the
morning of 19th Ramadhan, Imam Ali (AS) was struck with a
poisoned sword by the Kharijite Ibn Muljim (may the curse
of Allah be upon him) while leading prayers in the Masjid
of Kufa. He was martyred on the 21st day of Ramadhan 40
A.H. and buried in Najaf-ul-Ashraf. He was born in the
House of Allah, the Ka'ba, and martyred in the House of
Allah, Masjid-e-Kufa. The Lion of Allah, the most brave
and gentle Muslim after the Holy Prophet (pbuh&hf)
himself, began his glorious life with devotion to Allah
and His Messenger, and ended it in the service of Islam.
"And do not speak of those who are slain in the the
Way of Allah as dead; nay, they are alive, but you
perceive not." Qur'an 2:154
Knowledge and Ignorance
In reply to some one who posed Imam Ali (as) a difficult
question, Imam Ali (as) said : 'Ask in order to
understand, and do not ask in order to find fault, for
surely the ignorant man who wants to learn resembles a
man of knowledge, and surely a man of knowledge who wants
to be difficult resembles an ignorant man who wants to
find fault. '
The Station of the men of Knowledge
The man of knowledge is the one who recognizes that what
is known is very little compared to what is not known,
and as a result he considers himself ignorant, and
accordingly he increases his efforts to know more by
going out in search of knowledge.
The Purity and the Nobility of Knowledge
Do not talk about knowledge with the foolish so that they
deny you, nor with the ignorant so that they find you
oppressive, but talk about it with those of its people
whom you meet who will accept it and understand it.
Knowledge and Acting on it
O you who carry knowledge around with you; are you only
carrying it around with you ? For surely knowledge
belongs to who ever knows and then acts accordingly, so
action corresponds to his knowledge. There will be a
people who will carry knowledge around with them, but it
will not pass beyond their shoulders. Their inner most
thoughts will contradict what they display in public, and
their actions will contradict what they know.
The purity and nobility of knowledge
When a dead person is placed in his grave, four kinds of
fire will cover him, but then the prayer will come and
put one of them out, and the fast will come and put
another one of them out, and then charity will come and
put another one out, and knowledge will come and put the
forth one out, and it will say : 'If I had come sooner, I
would a have put all of them out, and given you delight
for I am with you now, and you'll not see anything else
On the Heart
I am amazed at the heart of man: It possesses the
substance of wisdom as well as the opposites contrary to
it ... for if hope arises in it, it is brought low by
covetousness: and if covetousness is aroused in it, greed
destroys it. If despair possesses it, self piety kills
it: and if it is seized by anger, this is intensified by
rage. If it is blessed with contentment, then it forgets
to be careful; and if it is filled with fear, then it
becomes preoccupied with being cautious. If it feels
secure , then it is overcome by vain hopes; and if it is
given wealth, then its independence makes it extravagant.
If want strikes it, then it is smitten by anxiety. If it
is weakened by hunger, then it gives way to exhaustion;
and if it goes too far in satisfying its appetites, then
its inner becomes clogged up. So all its shortcomings are
harmful to it, and all its excesses corrupt it.
There are four things that make the heart die: wrong
action followed by wrong action, playing around with
foolish people, spending a lot of time with women, and
sitting with the dead. Then they asked Imam Ali: 'And who
are the dead, O Commander of the believers?' He replied:
'Every slave who follows his desires.'
Surely want is a trial, and having sickness of the body
is more difficult to bear than indigence, and having a
sickness of the heart is more difficult to bear than
having a sickness of the body. Surely being very wealthy
is a blessing, and having a healthy body is better than
being very wealthy, and having awe of Allah in your heart
is better than having a healthy body.
Surely hearts have desires, and they turn towards, and
they turn away ... so approach them by means of what they
desire and what they turn towards, for surely if the
heart is forced to do some thing against its will, it
A person's intellect becomes apparent through his
dealings, and a man's character is known by the way he
exercises authority. The intellect is a king and
characteristics are its subjects, so if it is weak in
governing them, disorder takes place.
The intellect is better than desire, for the intellect
makes you a king over your destiny, and desire makes you
a slave of your destiny.
The intellect is a natural disposition which learns from
The intellect is what arrives at what is correct through
reasoning, and recognizes what has not yet happened
through what has already taken place. Use your intellect
to understand something when you hear about the intellect
that examines, that is, and not just the intellect that
repeats what it hears, for surely there are many who
repeat the knowledge that they hear, and there are few
who examine it.
The one who has an intellect longs to be like the
righteous people so that he can be of one of them, and he
loves them so that he can be united with them in his
love, even if he falls short in emulating their actions.
The one who has an intellect does not openly display it
except in one of two situations: when he is furthest away
from seeking something in the world, and when he is
furthest away from abandoning it.
Surely hated adversity has final objectives in which it
will inevitably end, so the one who has an intellect
should try to sleep over it until this happens, for
surely any attempt to stop it before it has come to an
end will only intensify that hated diversity even more.
The first opinion of the person of intellect is the last
opinion of an ignorant person.
The one who has an intellect finds harshness of life
amongst persons of intellect more agreeable than a life
of ease amongst the foolish.
The Station of men of Knowledge
Know that the slaves of Allah are those who seek to
preserve knowledge of Him, safeguarding what safeguards
it, and lettings its springs flow freely. They are united
by friendship, and they meet with love, and they drink
from the cup that quenches their thirst, and they go on
with their thirst satisfied. They are not troubled by
doubt, and they are not quick to backbite. It is on this
basis that their natural disposition and character rest,
and on this is based their love, and by this they are
united. They are like seeds that have been assessed and
selected, some to be kept and some to be thrown away,
identified through purification, and refined through
This World and the Next
Imam Ali (as) wrote to Salman al Farsi (ra) : To
continue, surely, the likeness of this world is that of a
snake: it is soft to touch, and deadly poisonous. The
ignorant child is distracted by it, and the one with
understanding and intellect is cautious of it. So turn
away from what fascinates you in it, for how little of it
stays with you.
The Life Transaction ( Religion ) of Islam
I am making a connection which no one has made before me:
Islam is submission, and submission is certainty, and
certainty is the affirmation of the truth, and
affirmation of the truth is acknowledgement, and
acknowledgement is performance of what is obligatory, and
performance of what is obligatory is appropriate action.
The Sayings & Wisdom of Imam Ali (AS)
The Muhammadi Trust
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